CodeSourcery ARM NPTL patch updated for uClibc trunk r16105
jimb at codesourcery.com
Mon Sep 18 16:08:53 PDT 2006
Hi, folks. We've updated our ARM NPTL patch to apply relative to
r16105 of the public uClibc trunk. There are some regressions; we'll
iron them out and publish a new patch shortly. However, we thought it
would be a good idea to at least put this out for people to experiment
There have been a number of comments and suggestions posted for fixing
and improving the original patch. I haven't implemented those
suggestions in this revision of the patch, although there were quite a
few that seem like clearly good and valuable things to do. Now that
the patch is back up to date, I'll be able to take a look at those
As before, it's a very large patch --- 3MB uncompressed. There are
changes throughout the uClibc tree. The patch is available at the
The patch is relative to revision 16105 of the public uClibc trunk.
You can retrieve this base tree from the public uClibc repository with
the following command:
$ svn checkout -r 16105 svn://uclibc.org/trunk/uClibc
This work was done for MontaVista; from our release notes to them:
This is an intermediate release, based on revision 16105 of the
public uClibc trunk. This merge introduced some test suite
regressions, but we felt it was worthwhile making the merged patch
available immediately. When the regressions have been addressed, we
will make a new release.
This release fixes a compilation problem in libc/inet/rpc/rpc_thread.c,
and avoids a duplicate definition of __USE_BX__ in libpthread/nptl/
This release is based on the public uClibc trunk, not the public
uClibc NPTL branch.
This release is identical to the -2 release, except that it omits
patches to remove the 'CVS' directories present in the public
sources (r14664). Those directories are not included in the
complete source tree.
The release uClibc-0.9.28-csl-nptl-1 omitted two changes:
- a fix for a space leak in dynamic linker related to thread-local
- a fix to the test suite.
These changes are included in uClibc-0.9.28-csl-nptl-2.
This is the initial release, based on revision 14664 of the public
uClibc NPTL branch, svn://uclibc.org/branches/uClibc-nptl
This release has some known limitations:
- The merge with public uClibc trunk revision r16105 has introduced
some test suite regressions. We will address these and make a new
- When linking statically against uClibc, the dlopen function does not
work properly. The unmodified uClibc trunk has this problem as
well, so CodeSourcery does not believe that our NPTL patches are
responsible; in fact, we believe dlopen works better with our
patches than without.
However, many uClibc tests depend on dlopen, so this issue makes it
difficult to test static linking. It would be a good idea to
re-test if statically-linked dlopen is fixed in the future.
- The unmodified public uClibc trunk does not work in Thumb mode. Our
patch does not address those problems, since they are unrelated to
However, the existing Thumb issues make it difficult to test our
changes in Thumb mode. Once Thumb mode support has been fixed in
the public sources, CodeSourcery will ensure that NPTL works in
Thumb mode as well.
- There is one regression in the test suite relative to the GNU C
library (tls/tst-tls6). This test checks the allocation of TLS
module ID numbers to shared libraries; failure to do this correctly
could result in some dynamic linker data structures growing larger
than necessary as the program loads and unloads shared libraries.
CodeSourcery will investigate this failure.
This release has no test suite regressions relative to the unmodified
public uClibc sources, and one regression relative to the GNU C
library (glibc) thread tests.
As a basis for comparison with uClibc, we use test results from the
unmodified public uClibc trunk, configured in two ways:
- with no thread support (called "none" in the chart below)
- with the old LinuxThreads thread library,
libpthread/linuxthreads.old (called "old")
We configured our uClibc with our changes in three ways:
- with no thread support ("none")
- with the old LinuxThreads thread library ("old")
- with the NPTL thread library ("nptl")
All tests pass in all configurations, except as follows:
unpatched trunk uClibc-0.9.28-csl-nptl-5
test none old none old nptl
============== ====== ====== ====== ====== ======
assert/assert (1) fail fail fail fail fail
mmap/mmap (2) fail fail pass pass pass
pwd_grp/getgroups (3) fail fail fail fail fail
time/clocktest hang hang hang hang hang
regex/testregexi hang hang hang hang hang
regex/tst-regex2 hang hang hang hang hang
pthread/ex1 N/A fail N/A hang pass
pthread/ex6 N/A fail N/A hang pass
"N/A" indicates that the test does not run in that configuration.
"hang" indicates that the test program runs indefinitely.
(1) The harness for this test is not designed for use with
(2) The mmap system call does not exist on ARM EABI Linux; it should
forward to mmap64.
(3) The test is not written portably.
The directories 'test/nptl' and 'test/tls' include tests copied from
the GNU C library 'nptl' and 'elf' directories. (Some GNU C library
tests are omitted; these tests are for features not implemented by
uClibc, like POSIX asynchronous I/O.) These tests run only when the
NPTL thread library is in use. All these tests pass with both the GNU
C library and our sources, except as follows:
test GNU C Library uClibc-0.9.28-csl-nptl-5
================ ============= ========================
nptl/tst-cancel7 fail fail
nptl/tst-cancelx7 fail fail
nptl/tst-exec4 fail fail
tls/tst-tls6 pass fail (regression)
This release has been built and tested using the SourceryG++ 4.1.0
arm-none-linux-gnueabi toolchain, modified to link against uClibc
instead of glibc. It should also work with other compilers, as long as
they have EABI+TLS support; however, this has not been tested.
This release was built and tested using the headers from version
2.6.16 of the Linux kernel.
uClibc uses a configuration system similar to that of the Linux
kernel: all Makefiles in the tree include a file in the top directory
named '.config', which sets variables affecting which portions of the
tree are built, and how.
To build uClibc for the ARM with the NPTL libpthread, make the
following selections in '.config':
- Target Architecture: arm (TARGET_arm=y; others unset)
- Use ARM EABI: yes (CONFIG_ARM_EABI=y)
- Target Processor Endianness: little (ARCH_LITTLE_ENDIAN=y)
- Linux kernel header location (KERNEL_SOURCE)
Set this to the path of the top of a Linux kernel source tree.
- POSIX Threading Support: yes (UCLIBC_HAS_THREADS=y)
- Build pthreads debugging support: yes (PTHREADS_DEBUG_SUPPORT=y)
- Native POSIX Threading (NPTL) Support: yes (UCLIBC_HAS_THREADS_NATIVE=y)
- Use the older (stable) version of (LINUXTHREADS_OLD unset)
- Malloc Implementation: malloc-standard (MALLOC_STANDARD=y; others unset)
This is necessary to run the NPTL tests in test/nptl; some depend on
features of the "standard" malloc implementation.
The release file 'csl-nptl.config', mentioned above, includes these
This work is based on Steve Hill's NPTL support for the MIPS
architecture, available from the public uClibc Subversion repository
on the branch mentioned above.
More information about the uClibc